To keep our eyes healthy, there are a few lifestyle changes that can be made to decrease chances of developing eye diseases and deteriorating vision. We’ve got six habits to make or break that will help with maintaining healthy eyes.
1. Eat Well
Eating foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc, and vitamins C and E will help prevent eye problems such as dry eye, age related macular degeneration and cataracts. Foods such as leafy vegetables, oily fish, nuts, beans and citrus fruit are packed with these essential nutrients.
Eating well also decreases your chances of developing diabetes, an illness that has proven to effect vision if not managed well.
2. Quit Smoking
Smoking causes a host of eye health problems such as, cataracts, damage to your optic nerve, and macular degeneration. You’ll find further details about the damage to you eyes caused by smoking from our post, Effects of Smoking on your Eye Health.
3. Wear Sunglasses
Protecting your eyes from the sun’s UV (ultraviolet) rays is fundamental to protecting your vision. It is a quite a big issue in the UK as we don’t tend to wear sunglasses when the weather is cold. Even though we have some sunny days in the winter months, we don’t see this as a time to protect our eyes from sunlight.
If you purchase a good pair of sunglasses that are protective against UV rays, you will decrease your chances of developing cataracts and macular degeneration.
A good pair of sunglasses will block 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB rays.
4. Look Away From the Computer Screen
Staring at a computer or phone screen for too long can cause:
- Dry eyes
- and deterioration in vision
To protect your eyes, make sure your glasses or contacts prescription is up to date and good for looking at a computer screen. Move the screen so your eyes are level with the top of the monitor. That lets you look slightly down at the screen.
Practice the 20:20:20 exercise:
Rest your eyes every 20 minutes. Look 20 feet away for 20 seconds. Get up at least every 2 hours and take a 15-minute break.
If you feel that your eyes are getting dry, blink more.
5. Visit Your Eye Doctor Regularly
Making regular trips to your optician not only keeps an eye on your vision, but your optician can flag early signs of eye diseases such as glaucoma, which actually has no symptoms.
Monitoring your vision is important as using the wrong prescription can cause eye strain and make everyday tasks difficult.